Introduction to SCORM - what it is, and why you should take it seriously
What is SCORM, and why should you know about it if you work with e-learning?
SCORM stands for "Sharable Content Object Reference Model" and is a standard that ensures content works together with different Learning Management Systems (LMS). With SCORM, you can create content once and use it across different platforms, saving time and resources. If you are completely new to SCORM, we recommend starting by reading our article SCORM for dummies and busy people.
How do you create SCORM packages?
The easiest way is to acquire an SCORM authoring tool such as Articulate Storyline or Articulate Rise. With an authoring tool, you can publish or save as SCORM, just as you can save a PowerPoint file as a PDF.
Once you have saved your e-learning course in SCORM format, it must be uploaded to the LMS to be accessible to learners.
We recommend reading our article on SCORM authoring tools to get an overview of the different options and what each can offer.
Can you create SCORM packages without an authoring tool?
Yes, but it requires some technical knowledge and can be time-consuming and is generally not something we recommend.
How do you convert PowerPoint or videos to SCORM?
Many e-learning developers want to convert existing PowerPoint presentations or videos to SCORM-compatible content. There are various tools available to help you do this, including Articulate Storyline and Adobe Captivate.
Converting PowerPoint presentations to SCORM content can be a relatively simple process, as many authoring tools include features that allow you to convert PowerPoint files directly into SCORM-compatible content. Converting videos to SCORM-compatible content, however, may require more technical knowledge and video editing tools.
What values can SCORM store?
SCORM sends data from e-learning content to the LMS and can store various values, including the user's answers to questions, time spent on the content, and whether they have completed the entire e-learning content, for example, by passing a test. You can find a complete list of what is sent between content and LMS, called a SCORM runtime reference, here.
What versions of SCORM are there and which one should I choose?
SCORM comes in two different versions: SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004 (also known as SCORM 1.3). SCORM 2004 also has some sub-editions like 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th edition, but for most people, it won't make any real difference whether you choose one version or another.
If your LMS supports SCORM 2004, you might as well choose it, as it has some improvements compared to SCORM 1.2. But if your LMS only supports SCORM 1.2, you should, of course, use that version and not worry about it.
What is the file type of a SCORM file?
A SCORM package is a ZIP file that contains all the files necessary to run e-learning content.
How can you tell if a ZIP file is a SCORM package?
To see if a ZIP file is a SCORM package, you must open the ZIP file and look for a file named "imsmanifest.xml" in the root folder. This is a mandatory file in a SCORM package that describes the structure and content of the e-learning content. When it comes to the file type of a SCORM file, it is typically a .zip file, but it can vary depending on how the file is packaged and saved. However, you can always open the SCORM package by unpacking the ZIP file and opening the imsmanifest.xml file in a text editor to get an understanding of the content.
Do you have questions? Get in touch with us.
We typically develop SCORM e-learning using tools like Articulate Storyline and Articulate Rise, but we can also create custom SCORM solutions and expand the possibilities of what you can achieve with SCORM.